M.A./Ed.S. and Ph.D. programs
WELCOME to what we believe is among the best school psychology programs in the nation — a claim based on an established history of attracting, and graduating, outstanding students. We hope you will find that our small, selective program is characterized not only by outstanding students, but also by a highly productive and caring faculty of excellent teachers and researchers.
The school psychology “program” at the University of Delaware actually consists of two separate, yet closely interrelated, programs: the Specialist program and the Ph.D. program in Education with a specialization in school psychology. Although the two programs have many courses in common, the Ph.D. program provides greater breadth and depth in knowledge domains and competencies. It also places greater emphasis on research skills.
Both programs are based on the Standards for School Psychology Training Programs developed by the National Association of School Psychologists (2000).
- Admissions Information
- What do School Psychologists Do?
- Philosophy and Goals
- Specialist Requirements (M.A./Ed.S. degrees)
- Doctoral Requirements (Ph.D. degree)
- School Psychology Field Experiences
- Why Choose University of Delaware?
- School Psychology Handbook | Appendix A: Field Experiences | Appendix B: Practicum Guidelines | Appendix C: Site Evaluation | Appendix D: Internship Guidelines | Appendix E: Rubrics
- Recommended Interventions
What do School Psychologists Do?
The most basic function of a school psychologist is problem solving in schools. Problems may involve individuals (children, parents, or educators) or they may involve larger systems (e.g., school wide prevention programs, school community problems). Despite these varying forms, all problems or issues must be assessed systematically and interventions must be developed in ways that facilitate evaluation of their efficacy. This problem solving process requires multiple competencies in a wide range of functions, including:
- Assessment of children’s intellectual, social, and emotional functioning
- Design and implement interventions for promoting children’s academic, cognitive, social, and emotional development
- Consult and collaborate with parents, teachers, and others
- Design and implement comprehensive prevention and intervention programs for children, school personnel, and parents
- Research and evaluation in psychology and education
For more information about school psychology as a career, you may be interested in consulting these resources:
- The National Association of School Psychologists
- UD School Psychology Handbook (under revision, coming soon)
What is the difference between a school psychologist and a school counselor?
Prospective students frequently ask about the differences between school psychologists and school counselors. We excerpted this information from NASP’s list of Frequently Asked Questions.
School psychology training brings together the knowledge base of several disciplines, including child psychology and development and education with an emphasis on special education. In most states and training programs, school counseling does not include training or work with special education populations. In addition, most states require three years of graduate school training, including a 1200-hour internship, to become a credentialed school psychologist. In comparison, the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP) indicates that accredited master’s degree programs in school counseling include a minimum of two years of full-time study, including 600 hours of supervised internship.
In the school setting, counselors typically work with the total school population regarding a variety of issues – family and academic problems, career planning, course schedules and problem solving around course selection and scheduling, etc. In some districts, elementary counselors in particular conduct groups regarding family changes, social skills, etc. With older students, they may also be involved in chemical dependency prevention and early intervention activities, crisis intervention, mental health counseling, etc.
School psychologists are typically funded through special education monies and often their first responsibility is to the population of students at risk for failure and who have identified disabilities. With these populations, their roles include assessment (comprehensive evaluations of disability and risk), consultation regarding instructional and behavioral interventions, and direct interventions including crisis prevention/intervention, individual and group counseling and skill training. In this latter role, school psychologists may overlap the duties of counselors and social workers, and often will work jointly with these other professionals by co-leading social skills groups and jointly serving on crisis support teams. Relative to counselors, school psychologists are more likely to have training in behavioral analysis, mental health screening and diagnosis, research methods (and application of research to classroom practices), and specific disability areas.
Training as a school psychologist will provide broader options both within and outside of school settings. School psychologists are often employed by other agencies in addition to schools – community mental health centers, pediatric departments of hospitals, corrections facilities, etc.
Within school settings, there are growing opportunities for varied roles as a school psychologist as districts tap broader funding sources including grants, prevention and early intervention projects, etc. If direct counseling work with children is appealing, positions emphasizing this role are available to those trained as counselors, social workers, or school psychologists. If a broader range of activities is appealing – comprehensive evaluations of student needs, consultation with parents and teachers regarding achievement and behavior problems, training staff and parents as well as students to be more effective problem solvers and to better understand disability and risk issues, and perhaps conducting research in applied settings – then the field of school psychology might be the best option.